In the Name of God, the All-Merciful,the Most Gracious. This is my attempt to spread the correct concept of God. I invite u to worship the one God who has created the entire universe & who alone deserves to be worshipped. Please stop associating partners with God(in worship). Thus stop worshipping idols, humans, animals, trees, etc. Plz. Don't worship the creation but worship the CREATOR. This is an attempt to refute atheism, polytheism and other un-Islamic and pseudo-Islamic ways of life.

Wednesday, December 27, 2006

Supplicating with the words : "O Messenger of Allaah!"

Supplicating: 'O Messenger of Allaah!'
Imaam Sayyid Nadhir Husain Dehlawi


Question: Is it permissible to say ‘O Messenger of Allah’ (يا رسول الله) any where other than in the presence of the Prophet of Allah’s grave?

Answer: The phrase ‘O Messenger of Allah’! (يا رسول الله) is used to call upon and invoke the Messenger of Allah. However, when invoking someone, it is important that the one being called upon is present or else he would not be able to listen to or respond the call.

There are some people who believe that the Messenger of Allah is omnipresent [1] according to their belief, the one that is omnipresent encompasses the knowledge of all things. However, the one that truly encompasses the knowledge of all things is none other than Allah, the Most High alone, and this is one of His unique attributes.

To assign such a unique attribute to anyone other than Allah is to associate partners with Him, which is the greatest sin one can commit.

In his book entitled ‘Miftahul-Quloob’, Mulla Husain Khabbaz[2] has written that:
‘To call upon the dead believing that they are omnipresent [as Allah is with His knowledge], for example to say ‘O Messenger of Allah’! (يا رسول الله) or ‘O Shaykh Abdul-Qadir Jailaanee! [3]’ etc., then know that this is disbelief. It is for this reason that in the books of [Hanafi] Fiqh[4], it has been narrated that if a person was to conduct a marriage, bear witnessing that Allah & His Messenger are both his witnesses, then this marriage contract would be considered invalid, whilst the one who conducted this marriage would be considered a disbeliever because of their belief that the Prophet of Allah knows the knowledge of the unseen.’ Refer to Bahrur-Ra’iq[5] and others.
I say [Sayyid Nadhir Husain Dehlawi] to make a distinction whilst calling upon somebody by saying ‘O so and so!’, whether it be a prophet or anybody else, whether it is whilst sending prayers on the prophet in Salaah or on any other occasion… then this is not feasible because you should only call upon somebody that is present and can hear you, and the Prophet is not omnipresent [as Allah’s knowledge is omnipresent].With regards to sending prayers upon the Prophet, then this is something that has been established in authentic Hadeeth where the angels convey the prayers that are sent upon him[6].

Therefore the person who calls upon and invokes somebody that is not present is indicating that they believe that the one being called upon is omnipresent and it is this type of belief that has been defined as associating partners with Allah. Therefore, it is very important that a Muslim abstains from using such words and actions that imply such heretical beliefs i.e. associating partners with Allah.

If somebody was to argue by using the prayer ‘Salaatul-Hajjah[7]’ as a proof and evidence then the answer to that is that at the time when Salaatul-Hajjah was prayed, the Prophet of Allah was alive and present amongst the believers, but now he is dead and no longer with us. Although the same wording is adopted, it is only said in its narrative form in the past tense, just as one does when he supplicates in the Tashhahud.

In his book entitled ‘To attain the blessings of Allah by explaining the meaning of At-Tahiyyat [Tashhahud], Sheikh Abdul-Huq Muhaddeeth Dehlawi[8] has written:
‘That the response to those who argue that in the Tashhahud we send prayers on the Prophet by addressing him in the first person [i.e. saying O Prophet!], although he is not present is as follows: The prayer upon the Prophet in the Tashhahud is in its narrative form in the past tense which occurred during the incident of Miraj. Further, it has been narrated by Imam Bukhari in his Saheeh on the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood who said:
‘The messenger of Allah taught me the Tashhahud [with] my palm between his palms, the way he taught me the Surahs of the Qur’an [which began with the following words]: ‘’All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah, Peace be on you, O Prophet…’’ This was while he was among us, but after he passed away, we would say ‘Peace be on the prophet.’[9]
Therefore, to use the aforementioned words as proof and evidence [is out of context and] is incorrect. And Allah knows best!

16th Ramadan 1267 AH,
Fataawa Nadheeriyah
Book of Eemaan and Beliefs
Volume 1 page 159-161.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[1] Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jam’aah do not believe that Allah is omnipresent. Rather they believe that Allah’s knowledge is omnipresent [i.e. His knowledge encompasses all things apparent and hidden). Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jam’aah further believe that Allah, the Most high, is above the seven heavens, above His Arsh, and separate from His creation in a manner that befits His majesty. This is established from the Qur’an & Sunnah, as well as the consensus of the companions of the messenger of Allah. [TN]

[2] I could not find a biography of Mulla Husain Khabbaz. After asking Sheikh Uzair Shams Al-Hindee of Makkah, he informed me that in his opinion it may be that Imam Nadhir Husain Dehlawi quoted this reference from a manuscript, and Allah knows best. [TN]

[3] Abdul Qadir Jilani [in Arabic] or Gaylani [in Persian] was born in Ramadan 470 AH in the Persian province of Jilan in Iran south of the Caspian Sea. He went to Baghdad to seek knowledge when he was 18 years old, where he studied Aqeedah, Hadeeth and the Hanbali Fiqh with many scholars. Many fabricated books have been attributed to him along with false allegations of his involvement of a Sufi order known as Qadariyyah. What is known is that he was a man of Sunnah and upon the Aqeedah of Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal, and Allah knows best. He died in Baghdad in the year 561 AH at the age of 91 years. [TN]

[4] For example refer to the English translation of Fatawa-I-Qazi Khan, Volume 1, page 34 with Arabic text relating to Islamic Law, by Fakhruddin Hasan bin Mansoor Al-Uzjandi Al-Farghani (d.592 AH), translated and edited into English by Maulvi Muhammad Yusuf Khan Bahadur & Maulvi Wilayat Husain, Published by Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, reprinted 1994. The text is as follows: A man marries a woman citing as witnesses Allah and His Prophet, the marriage is void, (on the authority of the Prophet himself, on whom be the blessings of Allah), the Prophet having laid down , that “There is no marriage except when there are witnesses,” whilst every marriage that takes place is witnessed by Allah: and some of the learned have held that such marriage involves Kufr (blasphemy or infidelism), because it involves belief that the Prophet knows the hidden things, which is blasphemy. [TN]


[5] Bahrur-Ra’iq’ is an explanation of one of the most eminent books of Hanafi Fiqh known as Kanzud-Daqa’iq by Abul-Barakat Abdullah bin Ahmed bin Mahmood An-Nasafi (d.710 AH). It was authored by Zainul-Abedeen bin Ibrahim bin Nujaim Al-Hanafi who also authored ‘Al-Ashbaa wan-Nadhaair’ (another important book of Hanafi Fiqh). He died in the year 969/970 AH. For more details for his biography refer to Abdul-Hay Lucknowi’s marginal notes on Al-Fawaaid-Al-Bahiyyah, and the publisher’s introduction of Al-Ashbaa wan-Nadhaair page 20-21, Idaratul-Qur’an wa Uloomul-Islamiyyah, Karachi Pakistan, second edition 1424 AH/2004 [TN]. The text of ‘Bahrur’Raiq’ is as follows: “If a person conducting a nikaah was to testify that Allaah and Muhammad were his witnesses, then this person has actually believed that Allah’s prophet has knowledge of the unseen, thus making him a kaafir” [Bahrur-Ra’iq (5/16)].

[6] Refer to Saheeh Ibn Hibban Hadeeth no: 2293 and Al-Hakim: 2/421 which has been graded Saheeh [authentic] by Imam Dhahabee. Also refer to Sunan Abee Daud Hadeeth no: 2041 graded Saheeh [authentic] by Imam Ibn Taymiyah. [TN]

[7] In praying Salaatul-Hajjah, one is required to properly undertake Wudhoo, pray two rak’ahs, and then to single out Allah alone in supplication [asking only Allah for whatever one is in need of]. The supplication that was referred to by Imam Nadhir Dehlawi and by which some people take out of context and try to use as proof and evidence for their deviant ways is based on a Hadeeth reported by Uthmân bin Hunaif (may Allah be pleased with him) where a blind man afflicted with the sickness having lost his eyesight came to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) requesting him to supplicate to Allah for him to restore his eyesight. The wording of this supplication is as follows: ‘Oh Allah, I ask you and turn to you through the intermediary of Muhammad, the prophet of mercy, O Muhammad! I turn to my Rubb through you [supplicating to Him alone] that He may restore [cure] my eyesight. O Allah! Accept his supplication [intercession] with respect to me, and accept this supplication of mine by giving me [good] health. Reported by Imam Al-Bayhaqi in Dalaail-An-Nubuwwah 6/167-168, Imam Ahmed in his Musnad 4/138, Imam An-Nisa’ee in Amalul-Al-Yawm wal-Lailah 418, while Imam Al-Hakim declared it Saheeh [authentic] according to the conditions of Imam Bukhari & Imam Muslim. Imam At-Tirmidhee has reported another similar narration but with out the wording of ‘pray two rak’ahs’, refer to Sunan Tirmidhee Hadeeth no 3578 declared Saheeh [authentic] by Allamah Albani. An important factor in relation to understanding the aforementioned narration that was mentioned by Allamah Albani and is valuable in obtaining the proper understanding of this Hadeeth is that the blind man sought intermediary through the supplication of the Messenger of Allah, he did not seek the intermediary of the Messenger of Allah himself. For further details refer to the book of Allamah Albani At-Tawassul its different types and its rulings. [TN]

[8] His full name is Shah Abdul-Aziz bin Al-Muhaddeeth Shah Waliulllah bin Abdur Rahim Al-Muhaddeeth Ad-Dehlawi Al-Umaree Al-Farooqee. Born in the year 1159 AH, he started to memorise the Qur’an at the age of five. Among the books he authored are: 1. Fathul-Aziz which is an explanation of the Qur’an in Persian. 2. Majmooah-Fatãwaa 3.Tauhfa Ithnaa-Ashariyyah is a refutation of the Shias, and numerous other books. In the later period of his life he tried to reform the Muslims of India by calling them to follow the Sunnah and abandoning the blind-following of Madhabs. He died on the 7th Shawwal 1239 AH and was buried next to his father. Refer toTaraajim Ulema Ahlil-Hadeeth fil al- Hind page 84-94. [TN]

[9] Recorded in Saheeh Bukhari, vol. 8, The book of asking permission, Chapter 28, Hadeeth number: 6265 [English Edition, Darussalam] [TN]

[10] He is Imam Sayyid Nadhir Husain Dehlawi. born in the year 1220 AH corresponding to 1805 CE. He left home at the age of 17 in search of Islamic knowledge. He arrived in Delhi on the 13th Rajab 1243 AH where he studied under the most prominent scholars of Islam of that era. From amongst his teachers include Allamah Shah Muhammad Ishaaq Dehlawi (1192 AH-1262 AH) who was the grandson of Allamah Shah Abdul-Aziz Dehlawi. Imam Sayyid Nadhir Husain Dehlawi authored over 60 books, from amongst them is his Fatãwaa known as Fatãwaa Nadheeriyyah in 2 volumes, and Mayaarul-Huq on the issue of Taqleed (blind-following a particular Fiqh Madhab). He called to Tahweed and taught Hadeeth and defended the Sunnah all his life. He is considered unanimously amongst Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’aah as one of the Imams of his time who revived Ad-Dawah-Salafiyyah in the Indian subcontinent. He died on the 10th Rajab 1320 AH corresponding to 15th October 1902 CE. Those amongst his senior students include Allamah Shamsul-Huq Adheemabaadee (d. 1329AH), Allamah Abdur-Rahmãn Mubarakpuree (d.1353 AH), Allamah Thanaullah Amritsaree (d.1368 AH.) and many others. Refer to the introduction of Fatãwaa Nadheeriyyah page 26-51 for a detailed biography of the Imam. [TN]

Translated by: Zulfiker Ibrahim Almemoni Alatharee
http://madeenah.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=210&Itemid=2

Why the Methodology of the Salaf?

From "Why I have Chosen the Salafi Manhaj"

By Shaikh Saleem Al-Hilaalee (Hafidhahullaah)

Introductory

All praise is for Allaah. We praise Him, we seek His assistance and we seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own selves and the corruption of our deeds. The one whom Allaah guides, none can lead astray, and the one whom Allaah leaves to go astray, there is none capable of guiding him.

I bear witness that there is no god or deity worthy of any type of worship except Allaah (subhaanu wa ta'aala) alone. And I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His slave and final messenger.

To proceed:

The Ummah has entered into a time of loss that has not been witnessed before throughout the annals of its history. This is in spite of the great afflictions that have preceded our times. The Ummah has withstood the tribulation of severe calamity occurring at its weakest stages. The Muslims have lost entire sections of their lands and large portions of their wealth. All that, while living in a state of constant fear during those frightful and perilous times.

However, to those familiar with the manner in which Allaah has dealt with the people of the past, there is no doubt that Allaah will turn the tide against the enemies of Islam. These few servants constantly express their certainty in this by stating:

"As a people, Allaah strengthened us with Islam. If we sought strength in other than Islam, Allaah would then leave us to be humiliated."

As a result of this belief, they would constantly take account of themselves and quickly address any deficiency that' they found and' thus improve any shortcomings. Upon noticing that they had strayed from the truth they would immediately redirect themselves to the correct course in Islam. Allaah would then remove the humiliation from them, strengthen them and rejuvenate them after they had been sapped of their energy.

The darkness that has engulfed the Ummah today, I believe with certainty, shall be removed as the previous calamities and hardships were removed by the Will and Order of Allaah alone.

It is important that we look to the current state of affairs from an Islamic perspective. We must strive to uncover the reasons that have brought us to this stage. With this in mind, we are honored to discuss the true methodology -that by which the later part of this Ummah will be rectified, just as its' earlier generations were rectified. Allaah is the One who has promised us success and it is upon Him that I put my reliance and trust.­

Abu Usamah

Saleem bin 'Eid al-Hilaalee

Indeed, the workers in the field of Islamic Da’wah have become numerous, and those who direct their attention to the youth of the "Islamic Renaissance" are many. All of these people make intense efforts, work hard and exhaust themselves in order to renew the Islamic way of life. And in the midst of this overflowing and turbulent sea, you will find groups of elders and youths. As for the elders, then they are content to just return home with their lives. But as for the youth, then they tighten their waist straps and kick their feet into their riding horses. However, both of these groups are in confusion and turmoil. Therefore, the concept of the Salafee Manhaj must be presented in relation to the revival of the rightly guided Islamic lifestyle based upon the prophetic way:

(1) Indeed, purifying Islaam from what does not belong in it, with regard to beliefs, rulings and manners, so that it can slowly return to its pure and clear state as it was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him).

(2) And educating the Muslim generations upon this purified Islaam with an upbringing based on Eemaan (firm faith) and intense actions, this is the methodology of the Salafee Da'wah and the Victorious Group in bringing about change:

First: Why the Salafee Manhaj?

Every Muslim that desires true success and looks for the best way of living and prosperity in this life and the Hereafter must understand the Book of Allaah and the authentic Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) according to the understanding of the best of mankind. And they are the Sahaabah (Companions), the Taabi'een (Successors) and those who followed them in goodness until the Day of Judgement. This is because it cannot be conceived that there is an ideology, understanding or methodology that is more correct nor more adequate than the understanding and methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih (righteous predecessors). And this is because the latter part of this Ummah will not be rectified, except by that which rectified its first part.

And indeed when one investigates and examines the evidences from the Qur'an, the Sunnah, the consensus of the scholars and deductions from analogy, one will come to the conclusion that it is an obligation to understand the Qur'aan and the Sunnah in light of the methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih. This is because it is the understanding, of which its validity and correctness has been unanimously agreed upon throughout the various successive centuries.

So based on this, it is not permissible for any individual, regardless of what his status is, to have an understanding contrary to the understanding of the Salaf. And whoever turns away from it towards the innovations of the Khalaf (contemporary Muslims), which are surrounded by dangers and has no side that is safe – and their effects in dividing the Muslims is well known and cannot be disputed, just as their effects in splitting the unity is well understood and cannot be denied – then this is a person who has established the foundation of his home on the edge of a cliff, which is ready to fall down to its destruction at any moment. Before you is a clarification of this principle based on proofs and evidences:

1. Allaah, the Most High, says:

“The first and foremost [to embrace Islam] from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar, and also those who followed them in good- ness; Allaah is well-pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them gardens under which rivers flow, to abide therein forever. That is the supreme success.” [At-Tawbah: 100]

The point of evidence derived from this ayah is that the “Lord of mankind” has praised those who follow the “best of mankind.” So it is understood from this that if the “best of mankind” say a word, then someone follows them in that, then it is incumbent that this person be praised for it and that he be deserving of (Allaah’s) contentment. And if there were no distinction between following them and following others, then one would not be deserving of praise and contentment. The “best of mankind” are the Sahaabah (Companions) and those who followed them in goodness, based on the Qur'anic text: “Verily those who believe and do righteous deeds, they are the best of mankind.” [Al- Bayyinah: 7]

2. Allaah says: “You are the best nation brought forth for mankind; commanding good and forbidding evil and believing in Allaah.” [Aali ‘Imraan: 110]

The point of evidence: Allaah has confirmed for them their precedence over the rest of the nations. This necessitates that they were steadfast and perseverant upon the Religion, under every condition, for they did not deviate from the clear guidance. So Allaah bears witness that they commanded (others) towards every good and forbade (others) from every evil, whilst having firm faith and hope for reward. This necessitates that their understanding (of the Religion) is a source of authority and reference for those that come after them until the Day of Judgement. And if this is not so, then it would not be correct to say that they command good and forbid evil, so consider.

If it is said: This verse is general and refers to the whole nation (of Muslims), without being specific to just the generation of the Sahaabah apart from those who came after them. Then I say: They are the ones being spoken to first and foremost (in the ayah). And “those who followed them in goodness” do not enter into the meaning of the verse except by way of analogy or another evidence, as was the case with the First Proof (mentioned above) And upon agreeing with the saying that the verse is general – and this is what is most correct – then the Sahaabah are the first ones to enter into the context of the speech that is being directed. This is since they were the first ones to learn and take the message from the Messenger (peace be upon him), directly, without there being any intermediary (between them and him r. And they were the first ones to apply the Revelation and put it into practice. They take more prece- dence than other people in entering into the meaning of this verse since no one is characterized with the attributes that Allaah describes them with, in the most complete sense, except them. So the agreement of the description with the characterization is a testimony indicating that they have more right than others of this praise. This is why:

3. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: “The best of mankind is my generation, then those that come after them, then those that come after them. Then there will come a people of whom one of them will (have to) put forth his testimony by making an oath. And his oath will be his testimony."

Is the excellence that is affirmed here for the generation of the Sahaabah found in their skin colors or their bodies or their wealth or their homes? No person possessing sound intellect, who comprehends the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah, will have doubts that any of those things were not what was intended at all. And this is because the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said:

“Verily, Allaah does not look at your appearances and you wealth. But instead He looks at your hearts and your actions.”

And this is also because the standard which determines one’s excellence in Islaam is the Taqwaa of the hearts and righteous deeds, based on Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, the most noble amongst you in the sight of Allaah are the ones with the most Taqwaa.” [Al-Hujuraat: 13]

And Allaah has indeed looked into the hearts of the Sahaabah and found them to be the best hearts of His slaves after the heart of Muhammad (peace be upon him) ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood said:

“Indeed Allaah looked at the hearts of the slaves (of Allaah) and so He found the heart of Muhammad to be the best of the hearts of His slaves, so He chose him (peace be upon him) for Himself and sent him with His Message. Then He looked in the hearts of the servants after the heart of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and found the hearts of the Sahaabah as being the best of hearts of (His) servants. So He made them helpers of His Prophet (peace be upon him), fighting for His Religion.”

So He gave them the knowledge and understanding that those who came after them were not able to attain. On the authority of Abu Juhaifah who said:

“I said to ‘Alee: ‘Do you have a book with you?’ He said: ‘Nothing except the Book of Allaah, or an understanding that a Muslim man was given or what is (written) down on this page.’”

Based on this, it becomes clear that the excellence that is being praised in the Messenger of Allaah’s (peace be upon him) saying is in fact the excellence in understanding and methodology. Therefore, the Companions’ understanding of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah is the authoritative source of reference for those that came after them until the last part of this nation. What clarifies this further is:

4. The saying of Allaah: “Thus We made you a moderate (i.e. just) nation so that you may become witnesses over mankind and so that the Messenger be a witness over you.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 143} Allaah, the Mighty and Sublime, has made them the best and most trustworthy of people. Thus, they are the best of nations and the most truthful in their sayings, actions and needs. Due to this, they are deserving of being witnesses over mankind.

This is why Allaah has spoken highly of them, raised their status, praised them and received them with good approval. The witness whose testimony is accepted by Allaah is the one who bears witness with knowledge and truthfulness. So this person informs truthfully while basing his testimony on his knowledge. Allaah says: “Except those who bear witness to the truth while they know.” [Az-Zukhruf: 86] So if their testimony is accepted by Allaah, then there is no doubt that their understanding of the Religion is a source of authority and reference for those after them.

And if this is not so, then their testimony of witness would not have been established. And the verse confirms the proof for this unrestrictedly. Furthermore, this nation (of Muslims) has not unrestrictedly sanctioned the truthfulness of any generation, except for the generation of the Sahaabah. For indeed, Ahl-us-Sunnah wal- Jamaa’ah, from the followers of the Salaf and the Ahl-ul-Hadeeth, have all declared the Companions’ truthfulness and trustworthiness both in the unrestricted and general sense.

So they accepted from them their reports and their knowledge without exempting or excluding any of them. This is contrary to those other than the Sahaabah, for they did not declare (these other people) to be truthful and trustworthy, except those whose proficiency (in narrating) was verified and whose honesty was confirmed. And people were not granted these two things unless they treaded the path of the Sahaabah, may Allaah be pleased with them. So it has become confirmed from this that the understanding of the Sahaabah is an authoritative source and reference for those other than them, when facing the texts of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. This is why Allaah, the Most Perfect, has commanded us to follow their way:

5. Allaah says: “And follow the way of those who turn to Me in repentance.” [Luqmaan: 15] Every one of the Sahaabah turned to Allaah in repentance. So Allaah guided them to goodness in speech and righteousness in actions based on the proof found in Allaah’s saying: “And then they follow the best of it (Qur'aan). These are the ones whom Allaah has guided. And they are the ones who possess understanding.” [Az-Zumar: 17-18] So it is an obligation to follow their way with regard to understanding the Religion of Allaah by way of His Book and the Sunnah. Due to this, Allaah has threatened those who follow other than their way with the Hellfire – what an evil destination.

source: replaced PBUH with peace be upon him and swt by subhaanu wa ta'aala in the article http://asaala.com/viewTopic.php?topicID=259

Why Do Muslims Worship Allah (God) Alone?

The following is a short excerpt from Sacred Freedom which deals with the subject of why Muslims single out Allah in all forms of worship. Allah is the Arabic name for God, sometimes transliterated as Allaah. Similarly, God’s name in the Old Testament has sometimes been transliterated as Eloah and Elah. Muslims believe that since Allah alone created everything in the universe, that none is worthy of being worshipped, except Him alone:

People concede that crimes which are perpetrated against the creation can be great in nature. How much greater then, must the level of crime be, if it is perpetrated against the One who brought these forms of creation into being?

“How can you disbelieve in Allah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you
life; then He will cause you to die, then again will bring you to life
(on the Day of Resurrection);
then unto Him you will return.”
[2:28]


Indeed, it has been clarified in the Qur’an that the greatest crime someone can commit is to attribute partners to the One who possesses absolute power and control over the universe. This crime is perpetrated when people worship and serve others along with Allah after He has mercifully provided for them in uncountable ways.

Contemplate the countless favours our Creator has provided for mankind, such as the blessing of gravity. This incredible force is perfectly balanced, preventing us from either floating in the air, or being too weighted down to the ground. Likewise, profound reflection upon the uncounted blessing of how our lungs and heart extract oxygen from the air point to the all-encompassing nature of Allah’s wisdom, capability and generosity towards us. Through the process of respiration, our cardiovascular system is able to function, keeping us alive and well. Interestingly, it is not impossible for someone to expect their heart to function for a period of approximately seventy years, yet we do not expect an engine to function without rest for even a portion of this time.

Consider the miraculous nature of our digestive system and how it breaks down all the necessary components of food that we need. Distributing necessary nutrients to our body, it also expels any harmful wastes. Furthermore, the intestinal bacteria that exist in our digestive tract constitute an important part of our immune system, which fights off disease and infection.

Indeed, the balance and control of the components of every atom within ourselves not only indicate the existence of a Creator, but also attest to the great favours He continually bestows upon us. Mankind tends to be ungrateful for these favours, either by being unmindful of them, or by refusing to acknowledge them to begin with.

“Do they then believe in falsehood, and deny the favours of Allah?”[16:72]

The discerning are able to ponder over the uncountable favours Allah has bestowed upon them and appreciate the excellence of their arrangements, their beauty and their perfection. However, every kind of perfection that can be witnessed in these creations is incomparable with the perfection of the Creator. Those who come to this realization understand that all these creational favours call to the glorification of their originator, gratitude and attachment to Him, and sincerity in singling Him out in all forms of worship and servitude.

Nevertheless, even if a person were to attempt to establish every kind of worship known in a continuous fashion, never would this individual be able to fulfill the gratitude the Creator deserves for these favours. For this reason, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful, and is pleased with only an undemanding amount of thankfulness, while He provides much.

“And if you would count the favours of Allah, never would you be
able to enumerate them. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
[16:18]


The One who has provided us with the faculties of hearing, seeing and understanding has explained that worshipping and serving others along with Allah constitutes an immense form of ingratitude. This is especially so when understanding that these objects of worship never played any part in originating any of these favours. Consequently, it is the only sin that will never be forgiven if a person dies in such a state without repenting:

“Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him
(in worship), but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills;
and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship,
has indeed invented a tremendous sin.”
[4:48]


source: www.sacredfreedom.net

Why Muslims reject Atheism

Is the Existence of a Creator Something That Can Be Proven Logically?

Atheism can be described as the belief that no creator exists, and that the universe was not brought about by divine knowledge, will and ability. The following is a short excerpt from Sacred Freedom which follows a process of logical deductions to show that our universe must have been created by an All-Wise and All-Knowing Creator:

Pivotal Quote: “Those who believe in chance concede that it is something which is not by nature ordered. Once this is understood, the following question must be asked: How could something that is by nature disordered consistently create order? This is a scientific impossibility. Hence, it must be concluded that not only has a Creator created our universe, but that He is also continually administrating its awe-inspiring affairs.”

Excerpt:To demonstrate the error of those who deny the existence of a Creator, one may consider the ordinary example of how a book comes into being. The existence of a book necessitates the existence of a publisher who possesses three attributes: Firstly, this publisher must possess the knowledge of the required fields of expertise for the production of this book. Secondly, the publisher must possess the will to carry out such a task by consciously embarking upon this project. Thirdly, the publisher must possess the ability to carry out the task of creating the pages, cover and binding of the book while finishing it with distinction.Once this is understood, the irrationality of claiming that a book created itself, or that it came about by mere chance, becomes apparent. Is it possible to legitimately claim that a book came about without a publisher, or that this universe came about without a Creator - solely on the basis that this publisher or Creator has not been seen?In actuality, understanding that a Creator exists is much easier to grasp than understanding that a simple object like a book has an originator, as the formation of our universe is far more sophisticated than the formation of any one particular object. Accordingly, the Creator stated regarding those who deny His existence:

“Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators?Or did they create the heavens and the earth?Nay, they have no firm belief.”[52:35-36]
These verses prove that just as it would be impossible to claim that a book was created by nothing, it would also be impossible to claim that mankind was created by nothing. Likewise, just as it would be impossible to claim that a book created itself, it would also be impossible to claim that we created ourselves. Only one other possibility exists; that mankind and everything in this universe was brought about by an All-Knowing Creator.It can be concluded that all things are known to come into existence by designers that possess the three attributes of knowledge, will and ability to create. No other conclusion can be drawn, except that our universe was fashioned by a Creator who possesses the knowledge, will and ability to create such an incredibly awe-inspiring formation.Indeed, certain pieces of evidence left behind at the scene of a crime are considered incriminating proofs that lead courts to settle cases in an absolute manner. In the same way, Allah's Signs within His creation and the logical evidences contained within His revelation contain even more definite proofs that we were created by an All-Knowing, All-Powerful God.

“And upon the earth are Signs visible to all who have faith with certainty, just as there are Signs within your own selves.Will you not then see?”[51:20,21]

source: http://sacredfreedom.net/creator.html

Tuesday, December 19, 2006

Knowing our Creator by His Names and Attributes

Left on their own, people can conclude that a Creator exists, but cannot come to a completely correct understanding of what Attributes this Creator possesses. They will tend to either conjure up an image of the Creator which resembles a created being, or will reduce the Creator to being an imaginary, being-less force.

http://www.islaam.ca/downloads/pdfs/knowingbynamesandattributes.pdf

An excerpt from the above article:
"The one who likens Him to His creation forms a picture of a created being in his mind, and this can only be done by likening Him to something which he has witnessed in his lifetime. Hence, he ends up worshipping an idol. Likewise, the one who attempts to flee from this by reducing the greatness of the Creator to the realm of philosophical conjecture ends up worshiping nothingness. The one who affirms all of Allaah’s authentic Names and Attributes without likening them in nature to any created thing frees himself from the extremes of these two poles."

Who is your Creator?

An important and thought provoking lecture discussing the reality and nature of the One true Creator. The talk leaves the listener with the knowledge that he/she is indebted to his/her Creator and in need of worshipping, seeking help and thanking the One who made us all and furthermore worshipping that sole Creator upon the way prescribed by His Prophets and Messengers.

Speaker: Dawud Adib (Reverted American Muslim of over 25 yrs)
Source: [islaam.ca]

Listen to the lecture here http://www.islaam.ca/images/audio/creator.mp3

The creation is in need of Allah(Arabic word for GOD)

Author: Dr. Saleh as-Saleh
Based upon an article by Imaam Ibn al Qayyim al-Jawziyyyah (A renowned Islamic scholar from the 8th century [approx 1400's CE] in his book, "Igathat ul-Lahfan min Massa'id Ash-Shaytaan: The Relief of the Yearning (person) from the Traps of the Devil)" Vol 1, PP 6-42.

Man always looks for what benefits him and what protects him from harm. However, to accomplish this, man must be able to realize what is harmful. He must then know whom he should need, trust, and love so that he can attain what is beneficial as well as to feel good about his choice. He also must know the proper and good approach that would make him achieve this goal. This latter condition requires that man:

1. Know about harm
2. What ways can be used to drive harm away

Certainly, man can have no better guidance than that which comes from the One Who had perfected everything, and the One who Has no deficiency in Himself and in His Attributes. The One Who is Ever-Living and Who does not die. There can be no One better than the One Who Has no need for anything; the One Who is rich; the Giver; the One who, after all, controls man's soul. Man is so poor to Him. He is Allaah, the True and only God. Man can bring harm to himself if he seeks other than Allaah for help. Allaah is the One Who can help man drive away any harm for it cannot occur without His Will and His Power.

Allah sent down His Books and chose His Messengers to guide man to:

1. Know His Lord as He had explained about Himself, and
2. Seek Him Alone while living in accordance with His plan

Knowing Allaah's Names and Attributes liberates man from worshiping any form of creation because creation is weak and is in need of The Creator, Allaah. The knowledge about Allaah leads man to know that he is created to live according to Allaah's way as revealed to the last Messenger Muhammad . This Revelation contains a complete code of life. Everything that is beneficial or harmful is established so that man can center his life around this Revelation. If man commits wrong and knows that Allaah is Oft-Forgiving he would turn to Him and to Him alone seeking His forgiveness:

"Know, therefore, that there is no God Who deserves to be worshiped except Allah; and ask forgiveness for your sins." (Qur'an, 47:19)

It is wrong to think or believe that Allaah created other 'gods' besides Him so that man turns to them for help; loves them or fear them, etc. He is the same God of all nations. He does not order that people should make of stars, sun, fire, Jesus, Moses, etc. gods besides Him. He (Most Exalted) cannot be 'contradictory'. He has one way (religion) that calls man to surrender his will only to Him. He warned that if man (even Muhammad would take partners with Him, then his work will fail and will be among losers:

"And verily, it had been revealed to you (O Muhammad ) as has been revealed to those before you. If you join others in worship with Allah (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain and you will certainly be among the losers. Nay! But worship Allaah and be among grateful." (Qur'an, 39:65-66)

Let us know what Muhammad , the man-Prophet, who knew Allaah best, used to say:

"O Allaah, I seek refuge in You for Your Pleasure and against Your Wrath,and in Your Forgiveness and against Your Punishment and in You from You, I cannot Praise You as You can Praise Yourself." (Muslim, Abu Dawoud, at-Tirmidhi, ibn Majah)

"I have surrendered myself to You, I have directed my face to You, I have entrusted my affairs to You, I have compelled my back to refuge in You, in want and in fright of You, there is no resort nor survival from You except (in turning) to You. I have faith in Your book (i.e. the Qur'an) which You brought down and in the Prophet (Muhammad ) you have sent." (Al-Bukhari, Muslim)

When we read in the Qur'an that:

"Whatever of Mercy (i.e. of good), Allaah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." (Qur'an, 35:2)

And when we read that:

"If Allaah touches you with hurt, there is none can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His favor which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will, and He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Qur'an, 10:117)

We should be motivated to return to Him Alone at times of ease and at times of hardship.

And when we read that:

"If Allaah helps you none can overcome you, and if He forsakes you, who is there, after Him, that can help you. And in Allaah (alone) let believers put their trust." (Qur'an, 3:160)

The Qur'an, therefore, leads man to a true liberation from any false attachment. It brings peace to the heart. It helps the believer against hypocrisy and all forms of dishonesty. Imagine, for example, a believer facing a problem at work. He sees wrong and faces unlawful practices. He does not fear rejecting what is wrong. He knows that the job is only a means to gain his sustenance. While he may be unable to correct what is wrong, he knows well that Allaah is the One Who provides. If he leaves his job for the sake of Allah, Allah will give him a better one. Allah said:

"And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him. He will make a way for him to get out (from) every (difficulty), and He will provide him from (sources) he could never imagine." (Qur'an, 65:2-3)

The above texts, necessitates that man must depend upon Allah asking Him Alone for assistance. It also requires that man must love Allah and worship Him Alone to gain His pleasure and His help. Is it not true that the people who consider this life as the "Final Goal" end up worshiping many things in it? You see them so careful about "having it all". They torture themselves: pain, difficulty, constant worry, keeping their hands in the banks for loan after loan to keep up with the "demands of development". They are under the constant threat of fore-closure. They constantly see poverty in front of their eyes. The Prophet said:

"Allaah says: 'Son of Adam: Fill your time with My worship and I will fill your heart with richness, and end off your poverty. But if you do not, I would make your hands fully busy (i.e. in worldly affairs) and I would not end off your poverty.'" (At-Tirmidhi said that it is a good hadeeth [acceptable narration])

Our purpose of existence on earth is more meaningful than being slaves to worldly gains. There can be no meaningful life better than that prescribed by our Creator Allah. Every act done according to Allaah's way is an act of worship. Man is the beneficiary and Allah is in no need:

"O mankind! It is you who stand in need of Allaah, but Allaah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of All Praise." (Qur'an, 35:15)

Saturday, September 02, 2006

The Existance of God

The concept of a Supreme Creator of the universe has been something, which the western world has been trying to prove or refute now for thousands of years. However, only in the past 200 years have the creme de la creme of western intellectuals, come to the conclusion that a God/Creator of the universe is and has been a figment of mans imagination. This conclusion was formed as a reaction to the beliefs and practices of Christianity, which was a major force in European life at this time. Beliefs such as that of the Trinity [1] and the divine nature of Jesus Christ, were so complicated to understand - even for the elite of the church - that eventually the idea of a supreme and perfect creator (which Christianity had distorted) was replaced by many new theories which tried to explain how mankind came about and developed. Many different theories were introduced to the western world, but one common trait, which they all shared, was that there was no Supreme force, which governed the universe.

So where does Islam come into all of this? Islam [2] is the one way of life, the one religion which until now has not been challenged successfully by any philosopher, atheist or intellectual. Rather the case has been the exact opposite and there have been thousands, if not millions, of so-called 'atheists' who have reverted back to Islam. So how does Islam explain the existence of this Supreme Creator?

The Natural Way

Allah says in his final revelation, the Qur'an:

"Therefore turn your face steadfastly towards the true faith, away from all that which is false, in accordance with the Pure nature with which Allaah has Created people. Let there be no altering in the laws of Allaah's Creation. This is surely the true religion, but most people do not know it." [Surah Ar-Rum (the Romans) 30:30]

The pure nature which is mentioned in this verse is probably the most convincing proof of a divine creator to any sincere seeker of truth. Which person can deny (atheist or otherwise) that when he/she is in dire trouble, when life is about to be taken away from them, when the pressures are unbearable - that then do they turn to that force above the skies. How many times are we confronted by a scenario in which the words: "Please God help me, and I promise that Iwill always pray to you and be good." roll off our tongues with such sincerity? Every time something bad happens, words such as these come out of the people's mouths. Yet as soon as the harm is removed the very same people beseeching the help of their creator, turn away:

"And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allaah. Then, when harm touches you, unto him you cry aloud for help. Yet no sooner does he remove your ills then some of you set up partners to their lord." [Surah An-Nahl (the Bee) 16:53-54]

This pure nature which every human is born with is known as the Fitrah in the Arabic language. Every human being, man or woman is born with this natural instinct to recognise the Creator and turn to Him. This is proven by the hadeeth[5] of the last messenger to mankind Muhammed (peace be upon him) who said: "Every child is born upon the pure fitra, it is only his parents that later turn him into a Jew, a Christian, or a Magian.[6]"[7]

In fact if humans were not influenced by their societal pressures then their belief in the Creator would be distinct and clearly visible. But unfortunately this is not the case, and there exists in all non-Muslim societies a clear trend to distort the nature of human beings. One of the ways in which this is done in western societies is through the education system and its institutions. Western education is based around a whole body of secular thought which has no place for a Creator. In science lessons kids are taught that we are the ancestors of monkeys and apes and that this implies that we came about by pure chance.[8] In subjects such as psychology and sociology we are taught that religion is a tool of the privileged few who oppress the downtrodden majority.[9] This form of education has also unfortunately influenced the Muslims, and we find it very common nowadays to see the likes of the 'Abdullaah's' and the 'Fatima's' of western society proclaiming that they do not believe in God.

The Beauty of creation

Allah says in the Qur'an:

"Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of night and day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of the people, in the water which Allaah sends down from the skies reviving with it the dead earth and dispersing over it all kinds of beasts, in the change of the winds, and in the clouds that run their appointed courses between heaven and earth: In all of this, indeed there are signs for people of understanding." [Surah Al-Baqarah (the Cow) 2:164]


SubhaanAllaah! (Exalted be Allah)[ 11] How beautiful and accurate this verse is. Is it not true that when we look at the world around us we see such beauty and craftsmanship. Surely such excellence could not have come about by chance. Everything in this world and universe runs on a set course and pattern, so how is it possible then, that by pure chance everything in this universe was created with such skill and precision?

The wonders of nature are absolutely astounding, the wind, the rain, the hail and the snow were all products of chance, then why is it that mankind, with all his technological know how, cannot even divert the softest of breezes which blows through the trees in summer? The answer is obvious. All these natural elements are aspects of Allaah's Creation and he alone can control and manipulate them as he wills.

In fact the Creation of Allaah is so perfect that even if we try to detect a fault in it, then we will not succeed:

"Blessed he He to Whom all sovereignty belongs; He has power over all things. He Who Created death and life that He may test which of you is best in deed. He is the Almighty, the Oft-forgiving. He Who Created the seven heavens one above another. You can see no fault in the Creation of the Bestower of Mercy. Turn up your eyes: Can you detect a single flaw? Look once more, and yet again: Your sight will in the end grow humbled and weary." [Surah Al-Mulk (the Dominion) 67:1-4]

It is not just the seas, the mountains, the rivers and the skies which are a proof for the existence of our Creator, but also ourselves. Allaah says in the Qur'aan:

"On the earth are signs visible to all who have faith with certainty, just as there are signs within your ownselves. Will you then not see?" [Surah Adh-Dhariyat (the Winds that Scatter) 51:20-21]

The variety of humanity is indeed amazing, black and white, tall and short, fat and thin, good and evil, man and woman etc. etc. How many times have we considered the complex makeup of our bodies both physical and mental and found it to be completely beyond belief. It is known that if the intestines of a human being were taken out of the body, they would be so long that they could cover the entire area of a tennis court!

But when we think about these long intestines being inside of us, it astounds and amazes us. The human brain is thought to be more powerful that any mainframe computer on earth, whilst the eye is said to be more complex and structured then any telescope invented by man. The human mind is something which is still undiscovered by psychologists and psychiatrists, and the nature of our dreams and thoughts is something which these people will probably never unravel. So we should ask ourselves, is it still possible for such a complex being such as ourselves, to be a mere product of chance, or rather, are we products of a supreme and skillful creator, who has shown us that he really is Al-Khaliq? [14]

Yet despite our complicated and intricate makeup, our comparison to the Creator is not even possible. Mankind with his level of technology has gained the impression that he is the most supreme being in this universe. Yet when we look at examples of western society we see that these same humans who claim such superiority, cannot even maintain basic standards of hygiene! Washing the body-parts after urinating or excreting has almost become a sin for many people in the west, yet at the same time these people are the very same who claim technological advancement! Maybe if they believed in a Creator, the basics of life would perchance return to them, just as they have returned to the Muslims.

The proofs for the existence of a creator are so numerous that it would take us a very long time to go through every single one. So finally we should remember, that the creation of humanity was neither an accident, nor a development from monkey to man. Rather it was the creation of Allaah the Most High, the Most Perfect, who reminds us of the stupidity of those who claim that He did not create us:

"Were they created of nothing? or were they perchance, their own creators? or did they create the heavens and the earth? surely they have no firm belief." [Surah At-Tur (the Mount) 52:35-36]

Footnotes:

1 The belief that the Father (God), the son (Jesus) and the Holy spirit (?) are all parts of one God, despite the fact that they are 3 separate entities!! To this very day millions of Christians are still unable to understand this belief, which is one of the reasons why it has even been thrown out of some versions of the Bible.
2 The meaning of Islam is to 'sincerely submit your will, to the will of Allaah (God)'.
3 Surah Ar-Rum 30:30
4 Surah An-Nahl 16:53-54
5 Hadeeth: A report of the Prophet Muhammed's (s.a.w.'s) sayings, actions or approvals.
6 A Magian is another word for a fire worshipper.
7 Sahih Muslim.
8 This theory was made popular by a man known as Charles Darwin.
9 This is the view of the German scientist Karl Marx.
10 Surah AI-Baqara 2:164.
11 Glory be to Allaah who is free form any imperfection.
12 Surah Tabarak 67:14
13 Surah Az-Dhariyat 51:20-21.
14 The supreme creator: This is one of the many attributes of Allaah.
15 Surah At-Tur 52:35-36.

Source: Invitation to Islam Newsletter [islaam.ca] Published: 1st May 1997
http://www.islaam.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=30

Thursday, July 06, 2006

Do Not Say: “They Are Dead”

Do Not Say: “They Are Dead”
Author: Imaam Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeetee (d.1392H)
Source: Adwaa'ul-Bayaan (10/21-23)

Bismillah ir Rahmaan ir Raheem
Allaah - the Most High - said:
"And do not say about those who are killed fighting in the Path of Allaah that they are dead. Rather, they are alive!" [Soorah al-Baqarah 2:154]
This verse is an apparent proof that the martyrs [those who are killed in the Path of Allaah] are not dead. Yet in another verse Allaah says, whilst addressing the Prophet Muhammad sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam; who is better than any and every martyr:
"Indeed you will die, and they will die." [Soorah az-Zumar 39:30]
The reply to this [apparent contradiction] is: That the martyrs are dead from a worldly point of view, this is why they can be inherited from, and why their wives can remarry again - a point about which the Scholars have ijmaa' (consensus) upon. It is this death, the worldly death, that Allaah informed would occur to the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam. This is why Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq radi-Allaahu 'anhu said, when the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam passed away:
"May my mother and father be sacrificed for you O Prophet of Allaah! By Allaah! Allaah will never combine two deaths for you. You have died the death that Allaah decreed for you ... Whosoever worships Muhammad, let him know that Muhammad is dead."
Then he deduced this by reciting the [above] verse, and the Companions of the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam accepted this. [1]
As for the life that Allaah affirmed in the Qur'aan for the martyrs, and the life that has been affirmed for the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam in which he is able to return the greetings of salaam to whosoever sends it upon him, then both of them refer to the life of the barzakh (a state of existence between the present life and the Hereafter); an existence which cannot be truly comprehended by the people of this world. So with regards to the martyrs there is a reference to this in Allaah - the Most High's - saying:
"Rather, they are alive, but you do not perceive it." [Soorah al-Baqarah 2:154]
The Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam explained this verse by saying:
"Their souls ore in the bellies of green birds, which hove lanterns suspended for them from Allaah's Throne. They roam around in Paradise wherever they desire, then return to these lanterns ..." [2]
As for [the life affirmed for] the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam, then he said:
"There is no one who sends the greetings of salaam upon me, except that Allaah returns my soul hock until I reply to their greeting." [3]
And:
"Indeed Allaah's Angels roam around the earth conveying to me the greetings of salaams from my Ummah." [4]
So this life also cannot truly be comprehended by the intellects of the people of this world. Since, along with this [fact], his sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam's blessed soul resides in the loftiest part of Paradise with the companionship of the highest company; a company higher than the souls of the martyrs. Yet the reality of how his pure soul links itself to his noble body 'alayhis-salaam - a body which the earth cannot consume - is a reality which no one knows, except Allaah alone. Thus, if this type of life was like the life that is understood by the people of this world, then why did Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq radi-Allaahu 'anhu say that the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam was dead, and why was it permitted to bury him? [And if he sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam did not die] then why was there a need to appoint a khaleefah (succesor) after him. Also, those events; such as the [tragic] killing of 'Uthmaan radi-Allaahu 'anhu, or the differences which arose between the Companions, or that which occurred with 'Aa'ishah radi-Allaahu 'anhaa need not have happened if he sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam were still alive! Since if that were the case, they could have referred judgement back to him concerning those issues in which they differed [if he sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam were still alive and could fulfill such needs].
Thus, just as the Qur'aan is explicitly clear that the martyrs are actually living; due to Allaah - the Most High's - saying:
"Rather, they are alive."
Then likewise, the Qur'aan is just as explicitly clear that this state of living is one whose reality cannot be truly understood by the people of this world; due to Allaah's saying:
"But you do not perceive it."
Similarly, just as it is established that the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam is living in the grave; replying to the greetings of salaam, yet even though his Companions actually buried him, they were still unable to perceive this state of living. Thus, we know that this state of living is likewise a reality which cannot be truly understood by the people of this world. However, what could make this more clear is by considering the example of someone who is asleep. The state of one who is asleep differs from that of one who is awake in many ways, including the fact that the one who sleeps experiences dreams which can be understood. And Allaah knows best.
Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim (d.751H)- rahimahullaah - said:
"It is known by necessity that the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam's body is intact and has not decayed. The Companions asked him: How are we to send greetings of salaam upon you when your body has decayed! So he sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam replied:
"Indeed Allaah has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of the Prophets." [5]
So if his body was not in his grave, then why would he respond to this question! And it has been authentically established from him that he said:
"Indeed Allaah's Angels roam around the earth conveying to me the greetings of salaams from my Ummah." [6]
It is authentic from him that he once came with Abu Bakr and 'Umar [into the mosque] and said: "We shall be raised up like this on the Day of Resurrection." [7] It is also established that he sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam saw the Prophet Moosaa praying in his grave on the night of his Israa (Heavenly Ascension), and he also saw him [on that same night] in the sixth or seventh Heaven. [8] So the soul is in one place and is connected to the body, which resides in the grave. Similarly, the Prophet sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam is in his grave; replying to the greetings of salaam sent to him, along with the fact that his soul resides in the loftiest part of Paradise along with the highest companionship. So there is no contradiction between these two matters; since the affairs of the souls is one thing, whilst that of the bodies is another." [9]
So in these words is a proof that the life of the barzakh, that was previously mentioned, is a life whose reality is not known to the people of this world. About this Allaah - the Most High - said:
"Rather, they are alive, but you do not perceive it."
And complete and perfect knowledge is only with Allaah.
Footnotes[1] Related by al-Bukhaaree (nos.124 1-2), from 'Aa'ishah radi-Allaahu 'anhaa. Refer also to al-Bukhaaree (no.3667, 4452).
[2] Related by Muslim (no.1887), from Ibn Mas'ood radi-Allaahu 'anhu.
[3] Hasan: Related by Ahmad (no.10817), from Abu Hurairah radi-Allaahu 'anhu. It was authenticated by Ibn Taymiyyah in his Majmoo' Fataawaa (1/233).
[4] Saheeh: Related by an-Nasaa'ee (2/43). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunanin-Nasaa'ee (1/274).
[5] Saheeh: Related by Abu Daawood (no.1047), from Abu Hurairah. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in his Takhreejul-Mishkaat (no.1361).
[6] Saheeh: Refer to footnote no.5
[7] Da'eef: Related by Ibn Maajah (no.99). It was declared to be weak by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Takhreejul-Mishkaat (no.6054), because the chain of narrators contains Sa'eed Ibn Marlamah, who is not a strong narrator.
[8] Related by Muslim (7/102).
[9] Kitaabur-Rooh.
clearpath.com

Monday, June 05, 2006

What is Tawheed?

The word Tawheed has by the grace of Allah, become a word which is well known amongst the Muslims of today. But do we really know the reality of this word?
'What is tawheed?' you ask any Muslim 'Is it the oneness of Allaah?' he would reply 'What's that?' You ask again. 'I'm not too sure' he would say. This is the kind of scenario which the Muslims are involved in, and what a sad state of affairs it is when we cannot even explain the basics of our religion to those around us.
Some of us are so dedicated to completing our studies, that we engross ourselves in the textbooks for hours. Others of us love the western culture and lifestyle so much, that we can mimic and relay the words of non-Muslims to such an extent that we even start to quote chapter and verse from the latest Hollywood blockbuster! Yet upon being asked 'What is Tawheed? ' our tongues fall silent.
The cure for ignorance is knowledge, and in order to cure ourselves we have to take time-out to learn about this beautiful religion, even if it means reading articles such as this!
It is true that tawheed is simply the oneness of Allaah, yet at the same time it is something which is so vividly explained in our religion, that it is a life long quest for knowledge. The detailed nature of tawheed is something which unfortunately, is not known by the majority of the Muslims and this is why you find many Muslims saying that Christianity and Judaism, like Islam, are monotheistic [1] religions. Yet if these Muslims were to truly learn about Islam they would discover that religions such as Christianity and Judaism are forms of idol-worship, which are far from being similar to Islam.

The Reality of Tawheed
Linguistically the word tawheed means unification (to make something one). However Islamically it is in reference to Allaah being singled out alone, in all that is particular to him. The opposite of tawheed is 'Shirk' which is to associate partners with Allaah by giving that which belongs to him, to others. [2]
Traditionally tawheed has been divided into three categories which help us to understand why Allaah alone deserves to be singled out for worship. The division of tawheed into these three categories was something which was not done by the prophet of Allaah (saws) or any of his companions. So is this something new that has been introduced into the religion (bid'ah [3])? The answer to this is no, because we find that the basis of these three categories are to be found in the verses of the Qur'aan, hadeeth [authenticated reports] of the prophet (saws) and the statements of his companions.
The necessity for dividing up tawheed into three categories first came about during the early days of Islam. After the death of the Prophet Muhammad, Islam spread like wildfire and before long the empires of Africa, Byzantium, Persia and India all fell under Muslim rule. Many people from these areas became Muslims. However some of these converts to Islam also carried with them some of their old pagan beliefs. This caused much confusion amongst people, and the simple belief of Islam which the people had accepted, started to become clouded. The task of opposing these new thoughts and ideas which were becoming prevalent, fell upon the shoulders of the Muslim scholars, who rose to meet this challenge intellectually. Amongst the first people to divide tawheed into three categories was the famous scholar of Iraq, Abu Haneefah. [4]
Before mentioning what these three categories are, it has to be stressed that the concept of tawheed is in no way similar to the Christian concept of trinity except the fact that they both begin with the letter 'T'!! The division of tawheed does not divide Allaah up into three separate parts (as does trinity), but rather it helps us to understand as to how our Creator is unique and alone in being singled out for worship and reverence. Unfortunately there are some Christians today[5] who seem to forget this fact and continue to spread lies about the meaning of the tawheed of Allaah.

The Unity of Allah's Lordship
This first category of tawheed is known as tawheedur-ruboobiyyah or the unity of Allah's lordship. Through this we understand that it is Allah who alone created the universe which is why one of his divine names is Al-Khaliq (the Creator). Through this we know that it is Allaah alone who controls the universe and allows things to happen. This is why Allaah refers to himself in the Qur'aan as AI-Malik (The Owner of the universe). Hence when something happens, it only happens with the permission of Allaah:
"And no calamity strikes except with the permission of Allaah" (Qur'an, 64:11)
The prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) further elaborated on this concept of Allah's control over the universe by saying: "Be aware that if the whole of mankind gathered together in order to do something to help you they would only be able to do something for you which Allaah had already written for you. Likewise, if the whole of mankind gathered together to harm you, they would only be able to do something to harm you which Allaah had already written to happen to you." [7]
We know that another name, which Allah chooses to call himself by, is Ar-Razzaq (the Sustainer). It is Allaah who provides us with our food, shelter, clothing, families and friends. When our crops seem to be dying and there is not a cloud in sight, it is Allaah who sends down His rain from the skies and sustains us.
"Allaah created all things and He is the agent upon which all things depend" (Qur'an, 39:62)
From this you would expect that people would turn back to Allah for good or bad fortune. However this is not the case. Today we find people relying on all kinds of good luck charms[9], which they believe will bring them good fortune and ward off evil.
Unfortunately, this selfish act of turning away from the favours of Allah has hit the Muslims hard, we find in many of our societies that the Muslims believe in all kinds of superstitions and good luck charms such as the Tawees (amulet). These practices have absolutely no basis whatsoever in Islam, but rather the prophet (saws) warned us by saying: "Whosoever brings something new into Islam, something which does not belong to it, will have it rejected".[10]

The Unity of Allaah's names and Attributes
This category of tawheed is known as Tawheed-al-Asma Wa-Siffaat or the unity of Allaah's name and attributes. Allaah says in the Qur'aan:
"Allaah there is no god but be. To Him belong the most beautiful names" (Qur'an, 20:8)
This category of tawheed helps us to understand who our Creator is through His Names and Attributes. Through His Names and Attributes we know that Allah is far beyond our imagination and bears no resemblance to human beings. In fact it is this principle which makes Islam unique from all the other religions on the face of this earth. Allaah says in the Qur'aan:
"There is nothing like Him and He hears and sees all things" (Qur'an, 42:11)
It is in this verse that a distinction is made between those who truly worship their Creator and those who worship the creation. The most prominent example of this is that of the Christians. They claim that Jesus was God, this negates the Tawheed of Allaah's Names and Attributes because it degrades the Creator (whom the Christians say was Jesus) to the level of human beings and gives Him those weaknesses which humans possess. It is known from the bible that Jesus ate, drank, felt tired, slept and did all the things which normal humans do. So how is it right for the Christians to say that god lowered himself to the level of humans? As Muslims we say 'Allaah is above such imperfection' (subhan Allaah) and rather it is us weak humans who need to turn to this perfect lord and Creator.

The Unity of Allaah's Worship
This part of tawheed is known as tawheed-al-Ibadah or the unity of Allaah's worship. It is this aspect of tawheed which it could be said is the most important. It is through this that we learn how to worship our Creator alone. Allaah is not the kind of god who does not respond or hear your calls. He is not the kind of god who needs some sort of middleman to take our prayers up to Him. Rather Allaah says:
"And your lord said : Call on me and I will answer you" (Qur'an, 40:60)
There is nothing to prevent a person from calling directly upon Allah and asking for His help and forgiveness. Unfortunately this is violated by most of mankind who believe that other men can intercede for them and even grant them forgiveness because of their apparent special status! An example of this is the Catholic religion which holds that the celibate priests are more purer then normal people. This allows for them to then hear the confessions of people's sins and subsequently grant them forgiveness. It is this kind of behaviour which takes a person away from the worship of Allah to the worship of man.
As Muslims we too should be careful of this, because it seems that many of our brothers and sisters are indulging in this kind of evil and are not even aware of it. How many Muslims are there today who call upon others besides Allah? We find that in countries such as Pakistan and India there are millions of Muslims who go to the graves of 'saints' and ask them for children, wealth, fame and more sadly, forgiveness. What makes this more ironic is the fact that many of these Muslims pray five times a day, and in every rakat (unit) of their prayer they say the following to their Creator:
"You alone do we worship and You alone do we seek help from" (Qur'an, 1:4)
Learning about the tawheed of Allaah is the most important thing for the whole of humanity. For if we learn how to trust and worship our Creator with sincerity, then -and only then- will we escape from the slavery and captivity of this life. By worshipping Allaah alone does a man achieve true peace and success. This is the reason why when the adhaan[15] is called, the muezzin[16] says "Haya alal Falaa" (come to success). And we ask Allaah to make us amongst those who go to this success. Ameen

Footnotes:
1 Monotheistic - The belief in one God
2 The topic of Shirk will be dealt with in the next issue, InshAllaah
3 Bida - The Arabic word for innovation (something new broughtinto the religion)
4 Abu Haneefah an-Nu'man ibn Thabit was born in Kufah (Iraq) in the year 700 CE. He made his living as a cloth merchant, but devoted his entire life to studying and teaching Islam. His refusal to he appointed the judge of Kufah resulted in him being imprisoned and incurring punishment. He died in the year 767 CE in prison. His rulings and reasoning became the basis of the Hanafite school of Islamic law.
5 One of these Christians is a man by the name of Joseph Smith. Smith is on a continuous crusade against Islam and is a regular preacher in Hyde Park (London). A debate between Smith and Abdur-Raheem Green, entitled "The Sources of Islam" shows the fallacy of Smith's lies against Islam.
6 Surah At-Taghaabun 64:11
7 At-Tirmidhee
8 Surah Az-Zurnar 39:62
9 Such as four-leaf clovers, rabbits paws and horseshoes.
10 Bukhari ( Eng. Trans Vol .3 pp 535 No. 861 ) and Muslim Eng Trans Vol. 3 pp 931 No 4266
11 Surah Ta-Ha 20:8
12 Surah As-Shura 42:11
13 Surah Ghaffir 40:60
14 Surah Fatiha 1:4
15 The call to prayer
16 The one who calls to prayer
source: www.islaam.ca

Thursday, June 01, 2006

THE ORIGIN OF SHIRK

In the name of Allah, The most beneficent, The most merciful.
From that which has been established in the Sharee'ah (prescribed law) is that mankind was - in the beginning - a single nation upon true Tawheed, then Shirk (directing any part or form of worship, or anything else that is solely the right of Allaah, to other than Allaah) gradually overcame them. The basis for this is the saying of Allaah - the Most Blessed, the Most High:
“Mankind was one Ummah, then Allaah sent prophets bringing good news and warnings.” [2:213]
Ibn Abbaas - radi-Allaahu ’anhu - said:
“Between Nooh (Noah) and Aadam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharee'ah (law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allaah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.” [Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree in his Tafseer (4/275) and al-Haakim (2/546)]
Ibn Urwah al-Hanbali (d.837H) said:
“This saying refutes those historians from the People of the Book who claim that Qaabil (Cain) and his sons were fire-worshippers.” [Al-Kawaakibud-Duraaree fee Tarteeb Musnadul-Imaam Ahmad ’alaa Abwaabil-Bukhaaree (6/212/1)]
I say: In it is also a refutation of some of the philosophers and atheists who claim that the (natural) basis of man is Shirk, and that Tawheed evolved in man! The preceding ayah (verse) falsifies this claim, as do the two following authentic ahadeeth:
Firstly: His sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam’s saying that he related from his Lord:
“I created all my servants upon the true Religion (upon Tawheed, free from Shirk). Then the devils came to them and led them astray from their true Religion. They made unlawful to people that which I had made lawful for them, and they commanded them to associate in worship with Me, that which I had sent down no authority.” [Related by Muslim (8/159) and Ahmad (4/162)]
Secondly: His sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam’s saying:
“Every child is born upon the Fitrah [natural disposition towards Islaam] but his parents make him a Jew or a Christian or a Maigan. It is like the way an animal gives birth to a natural offspring. have you noticed any born mutilated, before you mutilate them.”
Abu Hurayrah said: Recite if you wish:
“Allaah’s Fitrah with which He created mankind. There is to be no change to the creation (Religion) of Allaah.” [30:30] [Related by al-Bukhaaree (11/418) and Muslim (18/52)]
After this clear explanation, it is of the utmost importance for the Muslim to know how Shirk spread amongst the believers, after they were Muwahideen (people upon Tawheed). Concerning the saying of Allaah - the Most Perfect - about the people of Nooh:
“And they have said : You shall not forsake your gods, nor shall you forsake Wadd, nor Suwa’, nor Yaghooth, nor Ya'ooq, nor Nasr.” [71:23]
It has been related by a group from the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), in many narration's, that these five deities were righteous worshippers. However, when they died, Shaytaan whispered into their people to retreat and sit at their graves. Then Shaytaan whispered to those who came after them that they should take them as idols, beautifying to them the idea that you will be reminded of them and thereby follow them in righteous conduct. Then Shaytaan suggested to the third generation that they should worship these idols besides Allaah - the Most High - and he whispered to them that this is what their forefathers used to do! So Allaah sent to them Nooh ’alayhis-salaam, commanding them to worship Allaah alone. However none responded to his call except a few. Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - related this whole incident in Surah Nooh.
Ibn ’Abbaas relates:
“Indeed these five names of righteous men from the people of Nooh. When they died Shaytaan whispered to their people to make statues of them and to place these statues in their places of gathering as a reminder of them, so they did this. However, none from amongst them worshipped these statues, until when they died and the purpose of the statues was forgotten. Then (the next generation) began to worship them.” [Related by al-Bukhaaree (8/534)]
The likes of this has also been related by Ibn Jareer, at-Tabaree and others, from a number of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors) - radi-Allaahu ’anhum .
In ad-Durrul-Manthoor (6/269):
Abdullaah ibn Humaid relates from Abu Muttahar, who said: Yazeed ibn al-Muhallab was mentioned to Abu Ja’far al-Baaqir (d.11H), so he said: He was killed at the place where another besides Allaah was first worshipped. Then he mentioned Wadd and said:
“Wadd was a Muslim man who was loved by his people. When he died, the people began to gather around his grave in the land of Baabil (Babel), lamenting and mourning. So when Iblees (Satan) saw them mourning and lamenting over him, he took the form of a man and came to them, saying : I see that you are mourning and lamenting over him. So why don’t you make a picture of him (i.e. a statue) and place it in your places of gatherings so that you maybe reminded of him. So they said: Yes, and they made a picture of him and put in their place of gathering; which reminded them of him. When Iblees saw how they were (excessively) remembering him, he said : Why doesn’t every man amongst you make a similar picture to keep in your own houses, so that you can be (constantly) reminded of him. So they all said: Yes. So each household made a picture of him, which they adored and venerated and which constantly reminded them of him. Abu Ja’far said: Those from the later generation saw what the (previous generation) had done and considered that ... to the extent that they took him as an ilaah (deity) to be worshipped besides Allaah. He then said: This was the first idol worshipped other than Allaah, and they called this idol Wadd.” [Related by Ibn Abee Haatim]
Thus the wisdom of Allaah - the Blessed, the Most High - was fulfilled, when he sent Muhammad sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam as the final prophet and made his Sharee'ah the completion of all divinely Prescribed Laws, in that He prohibited all means and avenues by which people may fall into Shirk - which is the greatest of sins. For this reason, building shrines over graves1 and intending to specifically travel to them2, taking them as places of festivity and gathering3 and swearing an oath by the inmate of a grave4 ; have all been prohibited. All of these lead to excessiveness and lead to the worship of other than Allaah - the Most High.
This being the case even more so in an age in which knowledge is diminishing, ignorance is increasing, there are few sincere advisors (to the truth) and Shaytaan is co-operating with men and jinn to misguide mankind and to take them away from the worship of Allaah alone - the Blessed, the Most High.

Footnotes:
1 Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade us to plaster graves with gypsum, to sit on them or to build anything over them.” Narrated by Muslim, al-Janaa’iz, 1610.
2 Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported it directly from Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he said: Do not undertake journey but to three mosques: this mosque of mine, the Mosque of al-Haram and the Mosque of Aqsa (Bait al-Maqdis). sahih Muslim No. 3218
3 'A'isha(may Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said during his illness from which he never recovered: Allaah cursed the Jews and the Christians that they took the graves of their prophets as mosques. (sahih Muslim No. 1079 )
4 Whoever swears by anyone other than Allaah, has associated partners with Allaah (Transmitted by Ahmad)
Author: Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee
Source: Tahdheerus-Saajid min Ittikhaadhil-Quboori Masaajid (pp.101-106)
Theclearpath.com. A few footnotes are edited/added by me.

Thursday, March 09, 2006

Virtue of 'Laa ilaaha illalLaah'

Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Allaah has forbidden the Fire for the one who said 'Laa ilaaha illalLaah' seeking by that Allaah's Face." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
Al-Hasan Al-Basree said, "Some people say: whoever says 'Laa ilaaha illalLaah' shall enter Paradise.' [But the truth is that] whoever says 'Laa ilaaha illalLaah' and fulfils its rights and obligations shall enter Paradise."
Someone asked Wahb ibn Munabbih as to whether saying 'Laa ilaaha illalLaah' is the key to Paradise. He answered in the affirmative but added, "There is no key that has no prongs. If you bring a key that has prongs it will open the door for you and if you do not, it will not open the door for you."
The Prophet said, "The testimony that there is no deity worthy of being worshipped except Allaah and that I am the Messenger of Allaah: No slave meets Allaah with this [belief], having no doubt in them except that he enters Paradise." (Muslim)
The Prophet said, "No one testifies that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the slave of Allaah and His Messenger, truthfully from his heart except that Allaah forbids Hell-Fire for him."